What is a Unicameral system’
Unicameral system-a government with a legislative chamber or a chamber. Unicameral is a Latin word that describes the one-house legislative system.
Worldwide, as of April 2014, about 59% of national governments were unicameral while about 41% were bicameral. Countries with unicameral governments of Armenia, Bulgaria, Denmark, Hungary, Luxembourg, Ukraine, Serbia, Turkey and Sweden. Unicameral systems became more popular during the 20th century and in some countries, including Greece, New Zealand and Peru have moved from a bicameral to a unicameral system.
Small countries with long established democracies, tend to have unicameral systems, while large countries may have either a unicameral or bicameral system.
Penetration ‘Unicameral system’
To understand how a unicameral system, consider the national government of Sweden. In Sweden a parliamentary system with the king as the formal head of state and the Prime Minister serving as the seat of Executive power. There are 349 seats in the Parliament and any political party that receives at least 4% of the votes in a nationwide vote available seats. The number of seats each party receives based on the number of votes received and proportional representation for the electoral district. In 2017, the eight parties in Parliament, headed by the social Democrats with 113 seats, or 31%, and closely followed the moderates, with 84 seats, or about 23.33%.”Green” and the Christian Democrats had the smallest share of 25 and 16 respectively.
Parliament votes on bills that propose the members of Parliament (MPs) or by the state. All bills, except budget and amendments to the Constitution are adopted by a simple majority vote of Parliament. The Parliament also approved by the Prime Minister. The Parliament meets annually and elections are held every four years. Neither the Prime Minister nor the members have a term of office.
Advantages of Unicameral and Bicameral system
While the main advantage of a bicameral system is that it can provide checks and balances and prevent abuses of power, it can also lead to a deadlock, making the passing of laws difficult. The main advantage of a unicameral system is that laws can be passed more efficiently. Unicameral system may take too lightly the law, but the law, the ruling class supports can be transferred even if the majority of citizens do not support. Special interest groups can influence the unicameral Parliament more easily than a bicameral one, and group thinking may be more likely to occur. Because a unicameral system require fewer legislators than a bicameral system, however, they may require less money to operate. They can also propose bills less and have shorter legislative sessions.
The unicameral system of the United States government was the proposed articles of Confederation of 1781, but the delegates of the constitutional Convention in 1787 devised a plan for a bicameral system, which was modelled on the English system. The founding fathers of the US could not agree on whether States should have the same number of reps or number of representatives should be based on population. The founders decided to do as the agreement, known as the great compromise, creating a bicameral system of Senate and house, which we still use today.
The U.S. Federal government and all States except Nebraska use a bicameral system, while the American cities, counties and school districts, as a rule, use the unicameral system, as in all canadian provinces. Initially, Georgia, Pennsylvania, and Vermont had a unicameral legislature based on the idea that true democracy should not be two houses of the highest class and the General class, but instead of one house that represents all people. Each of these States appealed to the bicameral system: Georgia in 1789 and in 1790 Pennsylvania and Vermont in 1836. Similar to the United States, Australia also has only one state with a unicameral system: the Queensland.
Republican man named George Norris lobbied for a change in legislature of Nebraska with a bicameral system to the unicameral in 1937 on the podium that the two-house system was outdated, inefficient and unnecessary. According to Norris, the unicameral system can maintain the system of checks and balances by relying on the power of citizens to vote and petition and relying on the Supreme court and the Governor on issues that demand a second opinion. In addition, the bill may contain only one subject and not may take up to five days after its introduction. The majority of Nebraska bills also to a public hearing and every bill must be voted separately three times.
Some countries with unicameral systems have always had them, while others have made a change at some point in the merger of two houses, or cancel one. New Zealand abolished its upper house in the early 1950-ies, when the opposition party took control from the labour party and voted to end the upper house