Definition of currency internationalization’
The internationalization of the currency is a wide use of national currency outside the country of issue. The level of internationalization of currency for currency is determined by demand of other countries on the currency. Such currencies as is generally held as a reserve currency.
The breaking down of the internationalization of the currency’
An important aspect of the internationalization of the currency is that the respective currencies are used not only in transactions with the people of this country, but in the transactions between non-residents, i.e. residents, use it instead of their national currencies, whether of transactions for goods, services or financial assets.
The Bank for international settlements (BIS) distinguishes some essential characteristics that must be in place for internationalization. The most important is that the government Issuer has no restrictions on the purchase or sale of foreign currency by any legal entity. Secondly, exporters, regardless of country or others, you need to know the expense of their exports in this currency — for example, in 2007, 72% of Asian exports to Japan were denominated in US dollars (USD), but not in any exporting the national currency and the Japanese yen (JPY). Of course, many products are also priced internationally in dollars.
Thirdly, a number of companies, including private and public companies and banks, as well as individuals, should be able to hold the amount that they wish. If you simply want to pass on to foreign Central banks, the Currency will become a reserve currency. The most dominant reserve currency is the US dollar (about 63% of the total at the end of 2017), Euro (EUR) in second place (about 20%). No other currency was more than 5% of the total. Finally, both domestic and foreign firms and institutions must be able to issue marketable instruments in that country’s Currency, regardless of the place of issue. For example, Eurobonds can be sold on the emerging market for European investors, but to be denominated in U.S. dollars or U.S. company may issue dollar-denominated bonds in Asia.
The advantages of the internationalization of the currency
There are a number of advantages for the country whose Currency is internationalizarea. This gives more confidence to the inhabitants who can Express overseas transactions in their native currency. They can also borrow in foreign markets without the additional currency risks, potentially enabling them to find cheaper financing. In General, increased demand for currency must suppress interest rates and thus reduce the internal cost of capital. While the potential cost of internationalization may be destabilizing consequences in case of foreign loss of confidence will lead to the sale of assets denominated in foreign currency as USD and EUR have large domestic debt markets, that can act as a shock absorber in such a scenario.