What is Hedonic treadmill’
The hedonic treadmill is the tendency of human remains at a relatively stable level of happiness despite changes in the status or achievement of the main objectives. According to the model, the hedonic treadmill, as a person makes more money expectations and desires rise in tandem, which does not cause a permanent set in happiness.
Also known as the “hedonic treadmill” or “hedonic adaptation”.
Breaking down the ‘Hedonic treadmill’
The theory of the hedonic treadmill explains the often noticed that rich people are not happier than poor people, and those with serious money problems is never completely happy. The theory supports the argument that money can’t buy happiness and that the pursuit of money as a way of achieving this goal-it is useless. Good and bad fortune may temporarily affect how happy people, but most people will eventually return to their normal level of happiness.
What is the Hedonic set point?
In psychology, the hedonic set point is the General base level of happiness a person experiences in their lifetime, regardless of any temporary changes in the level of positive or negative events in life. The theory argues that, although the events and factors can influence happiness in the short term, people will naturally adjust back to their hedonic set point in the long term.
The study of the influence of the Hedonic treadmill
An interview-based study entitled “lottery winners and accident victims: is happiness?”, which was published in 1978, Brickman, Coates and janoff-bulman set out to determine how people adapted to happiness. The researchers interviewed three groups of people: lottery winners, paralyzed accident victims, and a control group.
Based on their findings, newly rich lottery winners have been shown to have a similar level of happiness before and after the victory. From this it followed that no permanent connection between increased happiness and personal financial gain, and that base level of happiness of lottery winners over time will remain virtually unchanged.
According to the study, “although lottery winners felt very good about winning the lottery, they took less pleasure than in the control group [group] in many ordinary events and were not in General happier than those in the control group [group]. These results can be obtained from the adaptation analysis of the level of influence of one extremely positive event.”
The study also showed that the group of paralyzed accident victims expected their happiness level rises to the original level over time, despite the initial reduction in happiness from a negative life event.