The definition of neglected firm effect
Neglected firm effect-a theory that explains the tendency for certain lesser-known companies to outperform better-known companies. Neglected firm effect suggests that shares of lesser known companies are able to generate higher revenues, because they are less likely to be analyzed and studied market analysts. Small firms may also exhibit better performance because of the high risk/higher reward potential of small, lesser-known stocks, with a higher relative percentage of growth.
Breaking down the ‘neglected firm effect’
Small firms are not subject to the same scrutiny and analysis as major companies such as blue chip companies, as a rule, large, well-established and stable company, which operated for many years. Analysts have a huge amount of information at their disposal, which in the form of conclusions and recommendations. Information about small firms may at times be restricted to those applications that are not required by law. As such, these firms are neglected by analysts, because there is not enough information to analyze or evaluate.
Neglected Firm Effect The Debate
In the study, 1983 the performance of the 510 firms over a decade (1971-80), three professors at Cornell University found that stocks of companies that ignore the companies work shares that were widely held by institutions. Superior outperformance persisted beyond all the “small firm effect”, i.e. small and medium companies neglect ahead. The study showed that investment in those firms can lead to potentially profitable investment strategies for individuals and organizations. In another study, companies in the index Standard & Poor’s 500 that were neglected by analysts exceeded the high subsequent stock from 1970-1979. During this nine-year period, the most neglected of the securities in the S&P 500 returned16.4% each year on average (including dividends) compared to 9.4% average annual return for the high follow-up group.
However, in 1997, work 7,117 publicly traded companies from January 1982 to December 1995, the city of Craig beard and Richard SIAs found no support for the neglected firm effect, after controlling for the correlation between neglect and market capitalization. The authors suggested that the neglected firm effect may disappear over time as investors use it, the institutional investors may increase their investment in smaller capitalization (and usually more neglected) stocks for many years, and studies that found an abandoned effect, in the 1970-ies, may have been sample specific.