Companies issue stocks or shares for a variety of reasons, including to Finance expansion or to repay debt. In this article, we consider various concepts that are used in the process of issuing shares to raise capital.
Equity consists of all funds raised by the company in exchange for shares of either common or preferred shares. The size of the Charter capital or equity financing, the company may change over time. A company that wants to attract more capital to permit the issue and sale of additional shares, thereby increasing its share capital.
The authorized capital is formed only by the initial sale of shares of the company to investors and does not include the shares are sold in the secondary market after they were released.
The Authorised Share Capital
The authorised share capital is the Maximum amount of share capital that the company is entitled to raise. This limit is specified in its constituent documents and can be changed only with shareholder approval. Before a publicly traded company can sell shares, it shall specify specific limits on the amount of capital that he is authorized to raise.
Companies usually do not issue the full amount of its share capital. Instead, some of them will be in reserve for possible use in the future. The size of the Charter capital or equity financing, the company may change over time. A company that wants to attract more capital to permit the issue and sale of additional shares, thereby increasing its share capital.
Issued Share Capital
Issued share capital is the total value of shares of the company will prefer to sell. In other words, the company may elect to only issue a part of the total share capital terms of issue of shares at a later date. Not all of these shares may sell immediately, but the nominal value of the share capital may not exceed the amount of the share capital. The total par value of stock that a company sells is called its paid authorized capital. This is what most people are talking about the authorized capital. Issued share capital is simply the cash value of a share of stock of the company actually offers for sale to investors.
Paid-in capital is the amount of funds of the company were paid by shareholders in exchange for shares. Paid-up capital is created when a company sells its shares on the primary market directly to investors. Paid-up capital is important because it is capital that is not borrowed. The company, which is fully paid up has sold all available shares, and therefore may not increase his capital, if he borrows money, taking on debt. The authorized capital may not exceed the amount of the share capital. In other words, the authorised share capital represents an upward bound on the possible paid-in capital.
Features paid-in capital
The amount of paid-up share capital shall not be repaid , what is the main advantage of financing business operations so. Also called paid-in capital, stock capital or share capital, paid-up capital is simply the total amount of money that the shareholders pay for the shares at original issuance. This does not include any amount which later investors pay to purchase shares on the open market.
Paid-up capital can have costs associated with it. In capital budgeting, the paid-in capital is most often called equity. In the great debate about the relative merits of debt versus equity, the lack of the required repayment among the main advantages of justice. However, shareholders expect a certain amount of return on their investment in the form of capital gains and dividends. While the business is not required to return the investment made by shareholders, cost of equity can be quite high.
Paid share capital listed share capital on the balance sheet. This category is further subdivided into common stock and additional paid-in capital sub-account. The share price consists of two parts: the nominal value and the additional premium that is above the nominal value. The total nominal value of all sold shares included in ordinary shares, and the remainder is assigned to the additional paid-in capital account.
Paid-in capital can be used in fundamental analysis. Companies that use large amounts of equity financing can carry lower amounts of debt than companies that do not. The company with the ratio of own and borrowed funds, which is lower than the industry average may be a good candidate for investment because it is evidence of prudent financial practices and the reduction of the debt burden relative to its partners.
Find Authorized Against. Paid-In Capital
The size of the Charter capital must be specified in the constituent documents of the company. At any point in the share capital changes, these changes should be documented and made public.
Paid share capital can be found or calculated in the financial statements of the company. Securities and exchange Commission (sec) requires public companies to disclose all funding sources to the public.
For more on this topic, please read the basics of outstanding shares and the float is released against the subscribed share capital and the difference between the authorized and promotions.