What bottom-up investing’
Bottom-up investing is an investment approach that emphasizes analysis of individual stocks and de-emphasizes the importance of macro-economic cycles and market cycles. In bottom-up investing, the investor focuses his attention on a specific company and its foundations, and not on the industries in which the company operates, or on a large economy as a whole. This approach assumes that individual companies can do well even in an industry that doesn’t work, at least on a relative basis.
Bottom-up investing forces investors to consider the microeconomic factors in the first place. These factors include the overall financial health of the company, Analysis of financial statements, goods and services, supply and demand and other individual indicators of corporate performance over time. For example, in the company unique marketing strategy or organizational structure, can be a leading indicator, which causes a bottom-up investor for investment. In addition, in the financial statements on the financial statements of a particular company can indicate problems in the firm, otherwise a fast growing industry.
Breaking down the ‘bottom-up investing’
The bottom-up approach the opposite “top-down” investing, i.e. a strategy that first considers macroeconomic factors when making investment decisions. Top-down investors instead to look at broad economic indicators, and then look for industries that have achieved success by investing in the best opportunities in the industry. And, conversely, to make informed decisions based on “bottom-up” investment strategy involves the selection of company and giving it a thorough analysis before investing. This includes familiarity with public scientific reports of the company. Most of the time, bottom-up, investment does not stop at the level of individual companies, although this dimension where it begins and where greater weight is given. An industry group, sector, market and macroeconomic factors in the overall analysis, in turn, but starting from the bottom and work your way up in scale.
An example of a bottom-up approach
Bottom-up investors, typically those that are used long term, buy and hold strategies, which rely heavily on fundamental analysis. This is due to the “bottom-up” approach to investing gives the investor a deep understanding of a single company and its shares, conducting the analysis of long-term investment growth potential. Top-down investors, on the other hand, can be more opportunistic in its investment strategy, and may seek to enter and quickly exit a position, to profit from short term market movements.
Bottom-up investors can be most successful when they invest in companies that they actively use and know from the ground level. Companies such as Facebook, Google and Tesla are all good examples of this idea, because each company has a consumer product that you can use every day. When an investor looks at a company’s “bottom-up” perspective, he was the first inherently understand its value from the point of view of the significance for consumers in the real world.
Facebook is a good candidate for a bottom-up approach, because investors intuitively understand well your products and services. Once a candidate such as Facebook is determined by how “good” of the company, the investor conducts a deep dive into its management and organizational structure, financial reporting, marketing, and price per share. This will include the calculation of financial ratios for the company, analyzing how these numbers have changed over time, and further growth of the project. Next, the analyst makes the step from individual firms to compare the financial performance Facebook according to his competitors and colleagues on social media and the Internet industry. This can show if Facebook stands apart from its peers or if it shows anomalies that others don’t have. The next step is to compare Facebook with a large amount of technology companies on a relative basis. Furthermore, the overall market conditions are not taken into account, such as whether or not the ratio of Facebook at a P/E In accordance with S&P 500, And whether the stock market is overall bullish market. Finally, the macroeconomic data are included in decision-making – looking at trends in unemployment, inflation, interest rates, GDP growth, and so on.
Once all these factors are based on the decision of investors, from top to bottom, then the decision can be made prior to the transaction.