What baby bells
The baby bells us regional telephone companies formed after the breakup of at&T (“MA bell”) in 1984. The baby bells were created for the U.S. Department of justice antitrust suit against American telephone and Telegraph,. which was started to create greater competition in the industry. As a result of January. 8 consent decree of 1982, at&T will relinquish control of the bell operating companies, known as local exchange operating companies, and hence its monopoly on phone service in USA in Canada. This decree gave birth to seven baby bells, known as regional Bell Operating companies (RBOC), formerly known as regional holding companies. There were also two small, somewhat independent RBOCs, which made a total of nine baby bells, which have been assigned the part of a trademark bell.
Breaking Baby Bells
The petition to break up with AT&T was first brought in 1974 in the USA against at&T. the legal basis of a violation of the American telephone and Telegraph. (later at&T Corp.) was based on section 2 of the Antitrust Sherman Act. The company became the sole provider of telephone services in the United States at the time. And the telephone equipment at the time was prepared in the branch of Western Electric. This gave at&T control over telephone communications and equipment in a U.S. lawsuit against AT&T not to create a system of baby bell, but to force him to give up Western electric. Seling that they are unable to lose this case, and decided to offer an alternative, which will be voluntary collapse of the largest company in America. With some modifications, the proposal was accepted. After the retirement of the baby bell regional holding companies have retained a trademark of the bell, about half of bell labs, the research and development subsidiary and yellow pages-business directory.
Baby bells after the breakup
On Jan. 1, 1984 at&T was broken up and its 22 member concern transformed into seven independent regional holding companies, RBOCs or the baby bells. They were:
- NYNEX: most of the state of new York and five New England States
- Bell Atlantic: now Verizon after a merger with GTE 2000.
- All: serving customers in nine southeastern States. Bough by at&T in 2006
- The southwestern bell case: after SBC communications; purchased by at&T in 2005. Served customers in six Midwestern States
- US West: qwest purchased in 2000, and then will be released in 2011
- Pacific Telesis: bought southwestern bell (SBC) in 1995 and later by at&T in 2005
- Ameritech: purchased by SBC in 1999. Now part of at&T
Similarly, Cincinnati bell and southern New England Telephone (SNET), which was partially owned by at&T, became fully independent and was granted the trademark Bella after the breakup.