As In The Statement Of Profit And Loss Statement Differs From The Balance?


Statement of profit and loss and balance sheet-two of the three financial statements that companies regularly release. Financial statements reflect the current record, the financial condition of the company and used among the creditors, market analysts and investors to evaluate the company’s financial sustainability and growth potential. The third financial statement called the cash flow statement means.

Although the balance sheet and statement of profit and loss (P&L) contain some of the same financial information, including income, expenses and profit, there are important differences between the two of them.


Balance sheet the company’s assets, liabilities and equity at a specific point in time, and provides the basis for yield calculation and evaluation of capital structure. This is a financial report that provides a snapshot of what company owns and owes, as well as the amount invested by the shareholders.

On balance of the enterprise resources or assets, and shows how these assets are financed, whether through borrowings, as shown in the framework of the commitments or through the issue of shares as shown in the Charter capital. The balance sheet provides investors and creditors with a snapshot of how effectively company management is using its resources. Below are some examples of typical items on the balance sheet.

Assets include:

  • Cash and cash equivalents: the most liquid assets, which may include Treasury bills, short-term certificates of Deposit and money.
  • Securities: equity and debt securities for which there is a liquid market.
  • Accounts receivable: money owed to the company from buyers.
  • Inventory: goods available for sale.

Commitments include:

  • Debt including long-term debt and debt to banks
  • Rent, taxes, utilities,
  • Wage arrears,
  • The dividends To be paid.


  • Equity is the total amount of assets of the company less its total liabilities and is one of the most common financial indicators used by analysts to determine the financial health of the company. Equity represents the net worth of the company, or the amount to be returned to shareholders if all assets were liquidated and all debts repaid.
  • Retained earnings is reflected in equity and is calculated as a percentage of net profit not paid out as dividends, but retained by the company to be reinvested in its core business or to pay off debt.

Trial balance and balance sheet

It is important to note that a trial balance differs from the accounting balance by the fact that it is an internal report that remains in the accounting Department. The balance sheet, on the other hand, is a financial report that is distributed to other departments, investors, and creditors.

The trial balance contains financial information at the account level, such as General Ledger accounts, and thus more grainy. In the end, the information in the trial balance used to prepare financial statements for the period.

In contrast, the balance sheet aggregates multiple accounts, summarizing the total assets, liabilities and equity in accounting at a particular time. The balance sheet includes outstanding expenses, accrued income, and the value of closing stock, whereas in the trial balance do not. In addition, a balance should follow a standard format as described in the framework of accounting such as International financial reporting standards (IFRS) or generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

Statement Of Profit And Loss

Statement of profit and loss, which is often called the statement of profit and loss statement is a financial report that summarizes revenues, costs and expenses incurred during a specific period of time, usually per quarter or year. These records contain information about the company’s ability – or lack thereof – profit by increasing revenue, reducing costs, or both. Statement of profit and loss also called “statement of profit and loss,” “statement of operations”, “statement of financial performance and statement of profit and loss”.

Statement of profit and loss or income provides top-line and bottom line of the company. The statement begins with records for sale, known as the “top line”, and subtracts the costs of doing business, including cost of goods sold, operating expenses, tax expenses, interest expenses and any other expenses (sometimes referred to extraordinary expenses or time costs). The difference, known as the bottom line is net income, also called profit or earnings.

Statement of profit and loss shows the company’s realized gains or losses over a specified period of time by comparing total revenues to total costs. Over time, it can show the ability of the company to increase its profits, either by reducing costs or by increasing their sales. The company publishes reports on the profit and loss account annually, at the end of the financial year of the company, as well as publish them on a quarterly basis. Accountants, analysts, and investors to study carefully the statement of profit and loss, cash flow analysis and the possibility of debt financing.

From the point of view of accounting, revenues and expenses listed in the statement of profit and loss when they are incurred and not when cash flows in or out. One useful aspect of the statement of profit and loss, in particular, it uses operating and non-operating income and expenses, as determined by the IRS (IRS) and generally accepted accounting principles GAAP.

A detailed example of the statement of profit and loss, please read what is an example of statement of profit and loss?

Differences Between R And L And Loss And Balance Sheet

The Role Of Time

One of the major differences between the statement of profit and loss and balance sheet contains adequate procedures to time. The balance sheet summarizes the financial position of the company at one specific point in time. Statement of profit and loss account shows the income and expenses for a certain period of time. The length of the time period covered in the statement of profit and loss may vary, but common intervals include quarterly (three months) and annual reports.

The Purpose Of Each Statement

Each document is built for some other purpose.

Statement of profit and loss statement answers a very specific question: is the company profitable? While accountants use the statement of profit and loss, to help assess the veracity of financial transactions and investors use the statement of profit and loss to judge the health of the company, the company can review their own application for production purposes. Closely following financial statements shows where you are strong, and where the costs incurred by efficiently and Vice versa as well. For example, a company may notice an increase in sales and reduction of profit and the search for new solutions to reduce operating costs.

Balances are built in a broader sense, it is significant that the company owns and owes, as well as any long-term investment. In contrast to the statement of profit and loss, the full value of long term investments or debts appear in the balance sheet. The name of “balance” comes from the three main accounts of the balance sheet total and equal to each other; all the assets are stored in one section, and their sum must equal the sum of liabilities and equity.

Profit Against. The Total Cost

Statement of profit and loss account shows net income or whether the company is in the red or black. The balance sheet shows how much a Company is actually worth or total value. Although they are both a bit simplistic, it is often as a statement of profit and loss and balance sheet usually needs to be interpreted by investors and creditors.

It is important to note that investors should be careful not to confuse the income/profit with cash flows. It is possible for a firm to be profitable, do not generate cash flow or to generate cash flow, no profit.

Directions Are

The report on profits and losses requires of the accountants add up the income of the company for a single serving, and put all your expenses on the other. The total amount of expenses is deducted from the total income obtained in the form of profit or loss. The balance sheet has several different calculations which are performed as representations of the same basic formula: assets equal liabilities plus equity.

Bottom Line

When used together along with other financial documents, the balance sheet and statement of profit and loss can be used to estimate operating efficiency from year to year uniformity and organizational direction of the company. For this reason, the number in each document considered by investors and corporate executives. During the presentation of these statements varies slightly from industry to industry, large discrepancies between the annual treatment or the document is often considered a red flag.

Capacity of the company, or its absence to constantly generate income over time is the main driver of share prices and Bond prices. For this reason, each investor should be curious about all financial reports, including the report on profits and losses and accounting balance of any company interest. After checking in the group, these financial statements should be compared to other companies in the industry to obtain performance and to understand any potential market trends.

Before analyzing the company’s financial documents, be sure to read 12 things You need to know about financial statements.

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